Monday, 27 June 2022

Slowing Down

When I started to backup files on my primary PC I noticed that this was my first backup since January. I'm becoming very slack; yet another sign of my antiquitiy!

Monday, 20 June 2022

Wittgenstein's Tractatus

I bought a copy of Wittgemnstein's Tractatus Logico Philosophicus more than 60 years ago. From time to time I have dipped into it, puzzling over a few remarks here and there, but I'd never read the complete work until now. A few days ago I started from the beginning and, reading a few pages each day, I finished yesterday.

As the title suggests the Tractatus is primarily concerned with philosophical logic. In it Wittgenstein affirms that all logical truths are truth functional tautologies, so no apparatus of proof is necessary, since the truth of a tautology is in all cases obvious. That thesis is false as are a number of Wittgenstein's remarks about Mathematics.

Among philosophical works the Tractatus is unusual in containing so many statements which are clearly false.

My edition has the German original and an English translation on opposite pages, and would be useful to an English speaker wishing to learn the vocabulary to discuss philosophical logic in German, or to a German speaker wishing to discuss such matters in English. Someone looking for an introduction to the subject matter would be wise to look elsewhere.

Thursday, 9 June 2022

Imperial Measure.

Noticing suggestions that we should in some way rehabilitate Imperial Measure, I tried to see how much I could recall about it. After writing this I shall check, but first I want to see what I can remember.

I remember spending a lot of time at the primary school performing complicated calculations with imperial measures. There were definitely sixteen ounces in a pound, 112 pounds in a hundred weight and 20 hundredweights in a ton. There were also stones and quarters. A stone were a multiple of 7 pounds - I'm strongly inclined to think there were 14 pounds in a stone, but am not quite sure. My memory of the quarter is much vaguer. If it was a quarter of a hundredweight it might have been two stones.

There was also the bushel, but that may have been a measure of volume. There was also more than one ounce I think there were Troy ounces and Avoirdupois ounces - I have an idea that gold may have been weighed in smaller ounces than boiled sweets.

Ounces too were subdivided; there were drams, which may or may not have been the same as drachms, and there were also grains. I think that one of the ounces may have been divided into 480 grains. While I was preparing this reminiscence a comment in an Internet forum reminded me of the scruple, which I believe was intermediate beteen a dram and an ounce. Perhaps a quarter of an ounce, perhaps an eighth.

When I was 10 years old, in my last year at the primary school, we were given horrid calculations on the lines of:

"Multiply 7 hundredweight five stones eleven pounds thirteen ounces by 37". We had no calculators in those days. I doubt if any of us ever had to perform such an absurd calculation later in our lives

Lengths had 12 inches in a foot, three feet in a yard, 22 yards in a chain, 10 chains in a furlong and 8 furlongs in a mile. Areas were usualy square inches. feet or miles. I don't recall encountering square chains or square furlings, but an acre, 4840 square yards = 10 square chains = one tenth of a square furlong = 1/640 of a square mile

Then there were volumes. The obvious measure of volume is the cube of the unit of length. Although cubic feet were used from time to time, the common measures of volume were pints and gallons.

Few, if any, enthusiasts for the Imperial system could convert gallons into cubic inches. The most knowledgable could do not better than stall by asking which of the three gallons one had in mind, replacing one question they couldn't answer by three, all of which still baffled them.

A pint was 20 fluid ounces, and the fluid ounce was the volume of an ounce of pure water, at some temperature and pressure that I never heard specified. Hence:

"A pint of clear water weighs a pound and a quarter"

Five fluid ounces also had a special name which I can't recall, though there was something called a gill. Eight pints made a gallon. We weren't taught any other imperial measures of volume, though I think bushels were rather larger than gallons, and minims rather smaller than fluid ounces.

Finally I recall mention of rod, pole and perch. I have an idea they might all be the same and be units of area, but we weren't taught about them at school, so I shan't be sure until I do my check.

Wednesday, 18 May 2022

Slowing Down

Yesterday I timed myself walking to the shops. It took me just over 19 minutes to walk from my house to the Market Hall, and I'd have struggled to do it at all had I not had my shopping trolley to lean on. When I was househunting in 2014 I could manage a sligtly longer walk in 9 minutes. Visitors should not expect me to provide a conducted tour of the town!

Tuesday, 17 May 2022

Quadruply Jabbed

Last Friday I joined the ranks of those who have been innoculated against covid-19 four times.

I'm not sure why anyone should be interested to learn that, but it is a snippett of news I can post here, thus reassuring anyone doubting my continued existence that I am still alive and moderately alert.

Sunday, 15 May 2022

Solving the Irish Problem

When I first heard of the proposal to create a customs barrier between Northern Ireland and the rest of Britain it struck me as too ridiculus to contemplate. At that stage the Irish problem could have been dealt with very easily. Tbe British Government could have said that negotiating terms for Britain's departure from the EU was proving unexpectedly difficult, and as the referendum was only advisory so that its recommendations were not binding, the Government had changed its mind and Britain would stay in the EU after all.

However it is now too late for that. The government has agreed to accept the so called 'Protocol'. In a recent election in Northern Ireland, a majority of those elected are prepared to accept the Protocal, so we should all just wince and accept it too.

The remaining problem is the government of Northern Ireland. The province needs a new constitution in which it is not possible for a minority to immobilise the Assembly. I suggest that the speaker be elected by a simple majority of assembly members. The first and second ministers should be elected by assembly members using the single transferable vote. The person first elected would be first minister, and whoever was elected second would be second minister. The first and second ministers would then take it in turns to nominate other ministers. A party boycotting the election would simply not be represented in the Government

Friday, 6 May 2022

Old Favourites

As a child three gastronimic treats I specially enjoyed were fish and chips from the fish and chip shop - the only take away food available in the early to mid 1940s, Heinz baked beans, and Heinz tomato Soup. I still enjoy baked beans on toast occasionally, usually for breakfast these days, but a recent sample of fish and chips was very disappointing. The fish was edible but the chips were soggy and greasy. As I usually avoid fried food it was my first fish and chip meal for about a decade, and it may be my last. A few days ago I tried tomato soup, for the first time for at least 30 years. I found it edible, but not at all exciting. So old favourites now score about 1.5/3

Sunday, 1 May 2022

Misconduct in the Mother of Parliaments

A member of Parliament has applied for the Stewardship of the Chiltern Hundreds after admitting to using his mobile phone to view what shocked colleagues have called 'pornography'.

At first I thought he should have been paying attention to the wise words spoken by his fellow members and should not have been viewing anything on his mobile phone, but I now learn that he was whiling away time while waiting to vote in a division. The supposed offence is therefore not failing to attend to parliamentary duties, but viewing material that some fellow MPs find disagreeable. I see no reason to object to his choice of distraction and so no reason for him to leave the Commons.

Those who complained were all women. Were they annoyed that he chose to look at pictures of other women instead of looking at them?

Saturday, 30 April 2022

Early Blossom

Blossom on the pear tree was over last week and that on the apple tree has nearly all fallen now. Things were much the same last year, but a decade or so ago the apple blossom would have still been in bud at this time of year. I leave my readers to draw their own conlusions.

Friday, 29 April 2022

Climate Change

There are eleven radiators in my house. During last Winter four of them were not used at all, two were used only occasionally and one was on a low setting. That is yet another sign of a warmer climate.

Wednesday, 27 April 2022

Ill Timed Sleepiness

In recent months I've tended to be sleepy in the afternoons, often nodding off even while reading. I then resolve to go to bed a little earlier. However as bedtime approaches and I potter about on the computer I become wide awake and don't feel at all ready for bed. I wonder if this perverse misplacing of sleepiness and wakefulness is common.

Saturday, 26 March 2022

A Worthy Plant

The Winter Jasmine started to flower in November and there are still some flowers on it, so it has been in flower for nearly five months. I recommend it to anyone desiring a floriferous garden!

Wednesday, 16 March 2022

Shopping in the Sunshine

Yesterday, for the first time this year, I shopped without an overcoat. I set out wearing a light overcoat and a scarf, but very soon consigned the scarf to my shopping trolley. After a minute or two I shed the overcoat too. One of the delights of having a shopping trolley is that I can remove surplus slothing without having to carry it.

Tuesday, 1 March 2022

Speeding up the Computer

My desktop computer has been running very slowly when accessing the Internet. Today I replaced the very well known browser I'd been using with Seamonkey, an open source package that combines browser, email, newsgroup access and htmel editor. For web searches it defaults to using Duck Duck Go. Web access is now much faster.

Sunday, 27 February 2022

Does my Internal Clock Need Adisting?

For a while now I've tended to be sleepy in the afternoons, nodding off every so often. I then resolve to go to bed earlier, but in the late evening I feel wide awake, and not at all disposed to slumber. Perhaps my internal clock needs adjusting!

Tuesday, 22 February 2022

More signs of early Spring

In the garden the camellia has come into flower. There's only one flower so far, but it is very early. The daphne we bought a few years ago has flowered for the first time. That too seems rather early though as it's the first time for that plant there's no basis for comparison.

On my last two shopping expeditions I forsook my Winter overcoat for the light raincoat I use in Spring and Summer

Climate change has definitely arrived!!

Wednesday, 16 February 2022

March Weather in February

Windy changeable weather has come a month early, and not for the first time. I haven't checked but am sure I posted a similar message either last year or the year before. Spring flowers have also come early, and all together instead of in their traditional sequence. Apart from a precocious crocus that half opened last month and was then torn to shreds by the birds, snowdrops, crocusees, early miniature irises and dafoddils are all in bloom at the same time. There won't be much left to flower in April!

Monday, 7 February 2022

Return to Respectability

Today I had my hair cut for the first time since the Summer of 2020. Since then I'd just snipped off a little hair here or there when it seemed to be in the way, but now I've been beautified by the barber's art.

Sunday, 6 February 2022

More confusion with units.

This evening's BBC news included a reference to an alleged power consumption of several 'megawatts per hour'. A megawatt is a unit of power and equals a million joules per second. A megawatt per hour would therefore be one million joules per second per hour and would measure a rate of increase in power. If sustained for a week such a rate of increase would produce a final power output of 168 megawatts.

Saturday, 5 February 2022

Keeping My Messages out of the Gmail Spamtrap

This is intemnded primarily for readers who have gmail addresses, or who have friends with such addresses

Sometime last year there was a change to gmail's rules for spam, and since then many of the messages I have sent to gmail accounts have been classed as spam. Some alert corresponents have still detected them, but others have not. Once messages have lain in the spam folder for a month gmail deletes them.

I have investigated and have found how to prevent this happening

Open gmail. There are four buttons in the top right corner of the screen. The button that looks like a cogwheel leads to the settings menu.

Press it, then press the button to show all settings.

At the top of the settings menu are a string of options. select "Filters and blocked addresses"

click on 'create a new filter'

Enter the email address you wish to protect

Tick the box to exclude messages from the spam folder, click 'create filter'

All should be well thereafter.

Putting an email address in your contacts list may also work, though I haven't tried that. For extra security you could do that as well.

Saturday, 29 January 2022


Today I dried the washing on the washing line in the garden. It may be over-optimistic, but I took that as a sign Spring is on the way.

Monday, 3 January 2022

Virtual Fireworks

A few days ago television news channels showed numerous firework displays watched by enthusiastic crowds, but large as those crowds were, the great majority of spectators must have watched on the television. It should be possible to program virtual displays at least as impressive as the polluting and expensive chemical extravaganzas, and people could adjust those to suit themselves and play them on their computers as often as they wished with no release of sulphur dioxide. I expect simulated crowds of any species required could also be provided.

Saturday, 1 January 2022

Winter Flowers

I've counted seven species of plant in flower in the garden, and that doen't count a crocus still in bud, but showing yellow petals. The snowdrops, usually the first of the bulbs to flower here, have not got beyond a profusion of leaves. I shall try not bore my readers with daily updates on that crocus, but don't be surprised if you read more about it in the next week or so. Numerous birds were twittering this morning, so I hope they won't destroy the crocus. They seem to be attracted to yellow ones.